1G, 2G, 3G, 4G and 5G TECHNOLOGIES

After entering the world of technology and smart phones many of us have met these names online 1G, 2G, 3G, 4G and 5G. These are the names that determine the capabilities of your network either in the internet or in the general network.


Let’s start with G:

G which means “Generation”. These generations are divided into 5 groups [1G, 2G, 3G, 4G and 5G] to find out which generation group you belong to on a smart phone, when you turn on data access the internet appears high on the bars


The higher the Generation , the faster your network capacity.  We will look at each generation / Generation meaning, how it works and its potential.


1G (1st Generation)

This technology introduced the first wireless cellular network communication. This still used analog technology that lasted from 1979 until the early 80’s after 2G was introduced.

1 Generation

1G had a speed of 2.4Kbps. The speed with which today if will be  given is better not to have internet at all, This technology had a very poor network and the quality of the conversation was very low. Worse it was not safe for anyone. The with device called a Radio scanner can listen to your conversations The failure of 1G in its cost and quality led to the invention of 2G.

1 G

2G (2nd Generation)

2 Generation

This generation came under the standards of GSM (Global System for Mobile Communications). GSM is a digital mobile technology that further enhanced the security and quality of communication. Through 2G there was a dramatic change in communication cultures.

2 G

After these improvements 2G was able to reach speeds of up to 64Kbps and bring something called EDGE (Enhanced Data Rates for GSM Evolution), i.e. the “E” that you usually see on your network. EDGE was able to help 2G reach speeds of 500Kbps.

2 Gene

3G (3rd Generation)

3 Generation

This is where such internet standards today came from. 3G was first developed in the 2000’s and improved 2G speeds over x4. 3G called H (HSPA) meant that one could access the internet from anywhere in the world

This means that,  before people could not browse the Websites from anywhere but until there were special sections set up for the job.

H + (HSPA +) has a higher speed than normal 3G / H, its speed reaches up to 42Mbps

3G speed reached 144Kbps – 2Mbps. This speed led to video conferencing sessions (Video Conferencing), Video Streaming and VoIP (Internet telephony such as WhatsApp). 3G technology is what led the blackberry and iPhone to get a name because most of its features depended on the internet.

4G (4th Generation)

4 Generation

4G was introduced at a time when the Tech people call it the “Streaming Era”. The period when most people have been searching for things like watching movies, football matches without downloading them.

4G started in 2006 but gained popularity in 2009 when it came to 4G LTE. The main reason is the speed provided by 4G. Its speed is between 100Mbps – 1Gbps. When we moved 2G to 3G it was as easy as just switching a sim card in your phone. In 4G phones needed to be designed in such a way that they could use the 4G network, something that led to the cost of mobile phones rising sharply, Although 4G is a new standard of internet, there are still some areas that find it difficult to use this technology because of the difficulty of increasing 4G power to reach them.

4 G

It should be noted that if you set your network to read 4G / 4G only, you will not be able to make or receive calls. This is because 4G is not designed to facilitate calling or receiving calls. In order to receive or make calls your network must be in 3G, 2G or 1G.

That’s why when you get a call you will see the network go down from 4G to the network below it.
There is a technology called VoLTE It is a technology that exists in 4G to enable the user to make calls without switching the network from 4G to 3G or less More. But in order to do this your phone must have an enabled program in your phone system, unfortunately not all phones have this enabled program, You can check your phone via “Call setting / Voice & Data” to see if it has VoLTE support

5G (5th Generation)

If 4G still hasn’t touched many areas how come we are now rushing to 5G?
In reality 5G was introduced a very long time ago years ago. Internet of Things (IoT) inventor Kevin Ashton says the phone is not a phone, but an IoT device.

5 Generation

What is IoT


IoT is a combination of network-enabled devices. With an Internet connection connected to the Internet you will be able to turn it on anywhere in the world. That’s an example of IoT

Ashton says your phone is an IoT device because it is full of network-connected sensors that help you do the things you do in your phone, from photography to communication. In the 2000s many tech people realized that 3G and 4G would not be able to cater to the new internet demand. That’s when 5G was introduced

5 G

IoT transmits information not only on servers but until it begins to be stored on edge devices. Namely the latest equipment in the network such as refrigerators, laundry machines, fans and cars.

The reason for this need for 5G network is that 3G and 4G would not be able to provide this service. 5G speeds ranging from 100Mbps to 20Gbps. With this internet speed and use, our destination for 5G will be our mainstay in everyday life.

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